# SSLCIPH (JANUS DEFINE parameter)

SSLCIPH xxx — Limit SSL ciphers offered by this port

## Description

`SSLCIPH` is a parameter on the `JANUS DEFINE` command, which defines and sets characteristics of a Janus port.

This parameter lets you limit the stream ciphers (encryption algorithms) that this port offers for SSL connections. A Janus port whose definition includes an `SSL` parameter supports `Janus Network Security` SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) or TLS (Transport Layer Security) encrypted connections.

Typically, `SSLCIPH` is allowed to default to 0: all the Janus-supported ciphers are available, and the cipher that is ultimately used depends on the outcome of the handshake negotiation with the client that seeks the service at this port. The negotiation selects the strongest available cipher that the client can support.

However, to make only a subset of the server ciphers available, you can specify `SSLCIPH` followed by the (bitmask) value that selects the subset. For example, `SSLCIPH 2`

indicates that only strong RC4 encryption is available. It is probably a good idea to disable export ciphers (`SSLCIPH X'03F6'`

), since they are weakened by design. Also, given that the current preferred cipher is AES, it might make sense to set `SSLCIPH` to X'03C0' to force AES bulk encryption.

Currently, these ciphers are supported:

Bit | TLS specification symbol | Description |
---|---|---|

X'0001' | TLS_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5 | RC4 bulk cipher with MD5 digest algorithm with 40 bits of the 128 bit RC4 key transmitted encrypted, the rest transmitted "in the clear" (unencrypted). This is considered a weak level of encryption because of the small number of bits in the unencrypted part of the key. |

X'0002' | TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5 | RC4 bulk cipher with the MD5 digest algorithm with all 128 bits of the RC4 key transmitted encrypted. This is considered a fairly strong encryption algorithm although MD5 is generally deprecated as a digest algorithm. |

X'0004' | TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA | RC4 bulk cipher with the SHA digest algorithm with all 128 bits of the RC4 key transmitted encrypted. This is considered a fairly strong encryption algorithm and is preferable to TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5 because SHA is considered a superior digest algorithm. |

X'0008' | TLS_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA | DES bulk cipher with SHA digest algorithm with 40 bits of the 56 bit DES key transmitted encrypted, the rest transmitted "in the clear" (unencrypted). This is considered a weak level of encryption because of the small number of bits in the unencrypted part of the key. Only available in Model 204 7.5 and later. |

X'0010' | TLS_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA | DES bulk cipher with SHA digest algorithm with all 56 bits of the DES key transmitted encrypted. This is considered a weak level of encryption because of the small number of bits in the key. Only available in Model 204 7.5 and later. |

X'0020' | TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA | Triple-DES bulk cipher with SHA digest algorithm with an encrypted 168 bit key. This is considered a fairly strong level of encryption. Only available in Model 204 7.5 and later. |

X'0040' | TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA | AES bulk cipher with SHA digest algorithm with an encrypted 128 bit key and encrypting 128 bit blocks. This is considered a strong level of encryption. Only available in Model 204 7.5 and later. |

X'0080' | TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA | AES bulk cipher with SHA digest algorithm with an encrypted 256 bit key and encrypting 256 bit blocks. This is considered a strong level of encryption. Only available in Model 204 7.5 and later. |

X'0100' | TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 | AES bulk cipher with SHA-256 digest algorithm with an encrypted 128 bit key and encrypting 128 bit blocks. This is considered a strong level of encryption. Only available in Model 204 7.5 and later. |

X'0200' | TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 | AES bulk cipher with SHA-256 digest algorithm with an encrypted 256 bit key and encrypting 256 bit blocks. This is considered a strong level of encryption. Only available in Model 204 7.5 and later. |

`SSLCIPH` is valid for `SRVSOCK`, `CLSOCK`, `WEBSERV`, `OPENSERV`, and `SDS` port types.