Table E and FILEORG X'100' files (File architecture)
Holds Large Object data (BLOBs and CLOBs)
Storage and manipulation of Large Objects (LOBs) differs greatly depending on whether FILEORG X'100' is set for the file. This page discusses working with FILEORG X'100' files; for a parallel discussion of working with LOBs in files where FILEORG X'100' is not set, see Table E and non-FILEORG X'100' files (File architecture). For a summary of the differences between working with LOB data in files where FILEORG X'100' is set and files where it is not, see Table E (File architecture).
When the FILEORG X'100' bit is set on a file, you enable large object data storage by:
- Reorganizing or creating a file with ESIZE greater than 0.
- Defining one or more fields with an attribute of CLOB or BLOB. (The file must have an ESIZE for its fields to be defined as CLOB or BLOB.)
The FILEORG X'100' bit and its Table E effects are available as of Model 204 V7.5.
In a FILEORG X'100' file, all LOBs are chained. Storing chained LOBs has the following advantages over storing and accessing LOBs in non X'100' files:
- Because the LOBs no longer need to be contiguous, space monitoring is simpler and Table E is less likely to fill up.
- You can define fields so that "small" LOBs can be stored "locally" in the record (and so do not use an entire page in Table E). See Using the MINLOBE attribute.
- You no longer need to predict (using the RESERVE clause) the size to which a LOB field might grow.
Storing Large Objects
Defining a field as a large object (LOB) using the BLOB or CLOB attribute stores a pointer in the record in Table B or Table X. Storage of the LOB value depends on the MINLOBE attribute and the length of the value being stored, as described below.
Pointer in the record
When you store a "not null" Large Object value in Table E, a Large Object descriptor is stored in Table B (or Table X depending on where the field is being added). The 27-byte descriptor contains the length of and a pointer to the Large Object data in the Table E page.
This descriptor is the same as in non X'100' files.
Storing a Large Object
When the length of the value being stored is 0 (a null string), the action taken depends on the "repeating" type (AT-MOST-ONE, REPEATABLE, and EXACTLY-ONE attributes) as discussed in the next section.
Other than null strings, if the value being stored is less than or equal to the MINLOBE attribute for the field, the value is stored directly in the record (Table B or Table X). Note that this value is in addition to the pointer described above.
If the length of the value being stored is greater than the MINLOBE attribute for the field, the value is stored in a series of pages in Table E. The first (up to) 6140 bytes (4 bytes being reserved for the chain pointer) go on the first page, the next (up to) 6140 bytes go on the "next" page, and so on. These pages are not necessarily contiguous. Any pages emptied by LOB deletes are first reused before the pages at EHIGHPG are used.
Null strings and Large Objects
The STORE-DEFAULT (SD) and STORE-NULL (SN) attributes cannot be set on LOB fields like they can on other field types. This restriction results in LOB fields having the equivalent of the LITeral option. The following table illustrates the results when null strings are stored in Large Object fields:
fieldname = ' '
fieldname = %x (where %x is null)
|No reference in code|
|EXACTLY-ONE||(see Note, below)||(see Note, below)||(see Note, below)|
|AT-MOST-ONE||field stored with null value||not present||not present|
|REPEATABLE||field stored with null value||not present||not present|
Note: The field will always act as if it is physically present (and return a null). However, EXACTLY-ONE fields react a bit differently depending on whether they are inside a field group or not. Inside a field group, all three operations will result in a field being present (as displayed in a PAI). Outside of field groups, (and remembering that only the CHANGE statement can be used on EXACTLY-ONE fields) only the CHANGE fieldname TO %x syntax will physically create an occurrence on the record.
Parameters and commands relating to the use of Table E
Note: Pages are either used or not in Table E, so there is no formula to determine whether a page is added to the reuse queue (unlike Tables B and X). Because of this, there are no EREUSE, EREUSED, or EQLEN parameters. The size of the reuse queue can always be determined by the difference between EHIGHPG and EPGSUSED.
|EHIGHPG parameter||The highest active Table E page. (The first page in Table E is page zero.)|
|EPGSUSED parameter||The number of Table E pages currently in use.|
|ESIZE parameter||The number of pages in Table E|
|FILEORG parameter||The file organization|