Replace a $list item with a string
Note: Many $functions have been deprecated in favor of Object Oriented methods. The OO equivalent for the $ListRep function is Replace.
This function replaces an existing $list item with a string. Generally, this $list would have been created with the $ListNew function.
$ListRep accepts four arguments and returns a numeric result. It is a callable $function.
[%result =] $ListRep(list_id, item_num, string[, length])
|%result||Set to: 0, if the new item length is the same as the replaced item length; 1, if it is shorter; 2, if it is longer; or a negative number if an error has occurred.|
|list_id||A $list identifier. This is a required argument.|
|item_num||The item number which is to be replaced. This is a required argument.|
|string||The string that is to replace item_num. This is a required argument.|
|length||A number that indicates the length of the new $list item. This is an optional argument. Its minimum valid value is 0, and the maximum is 6124.
If this value is longer than the length of the string argument, string is padded on the right with blanks. If this value is shorter than string, string is truncated.
If this argument is not specified, the new length of the $list item is the length of the replacement string.
-3 - No room to add item (if LISTFC $SirParm parameter not set) All other errors cause request cancellation
- The following code shows how $ListRep might be used to insert a number of blanks in front of a range of $list items, say to do indentation:
%BLANKS = $PAD('', ' ', %INDENT) FOR %I FROM %START TO %END %DATA = $ListInf(%LIST, %I) %DATA = %BLANKS WITH %DATA %RC = $ListRep(%LIST, %I, %DATA) END FOR
- The length argument makes it possible to create $list items that are longer than 255 bytes. This can be most easily accomplished in conjunction with the $ListOvl function.
In the following example, several field values are placed into a $LIST item with a length of 512:
FIND1: FIND ALL RECORDS FOR WHICH NAME = SONDHEIM END FIND FOR EACH RECORD IN FIND1 %RC = $ListRep(%LIST, %NUM, SSN, 512) %RC = $ListOvl(%LIST, %NUM, 10, LNAM) %RC = $ListOvl(%LIST, %NUM, 50, FNAM) %RC = $ListOvl(%LIST, %NUM, 90, MNAM) %RC = $ListOvl(%LIST, %NUM, 110, ADD1) %RC = $ListOvl(%LIST, %NUM, 170, ADD2) %RC = $ListOvl(%LIST, %NUM, 230, ADD3) %RC = $ListOvl(%LIST, %NUM, 290, CITY) %RC = $ListOvl(%LIST, %NUM, 310, ST) END FOR
- $ListRep is extremely efficient if the $list item size is not being changed (return value for $ListRep of 0), fairly efficient when a $list item is being replaced with a shorter string (return value of 1), and can be fairly expensive when a $list item is being replaced with a longer string (return value of 2).
The latter case can be expensive because such a $ListRep can result in the splitting of a $list leaf page. Once a leaf page is split, it will not be merged back together, even if subsequent $ListRem calls makes this possible.
Because of this, heavy use of $ListReps that increase $list item size (and $ListIns and $ListRem) can result in "sparse" $lists which place an unnecessary burden on the buffer pool and CCATEMP. $List compression can be done using the $List_Copy_Items function.